Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub - shaheenitclub

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Tuesday, 25 August 2020

Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub

                   Delhi Metro Railway System in india



The Delhi Metro is India's largest and busiest transportation system connecting the country's capital region with satellite cities.

The metro system is operated by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), a public sector company established in March 1995 by the Government of India and the Government of Delhi. This project was developed in several stages. Phase One (65.11 km) and Phase Two (124.9 km) have been completed, while Phase 3 is in progress. A phase four is also planned, with works scheduled to begin in 2020.

The Delhi Metro project became the world's first railway project in 2011 to be certified by the United Nations for carbon credits for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. DMRC saved 112.5GW of power by using regenerative brakes in trains and reduced carbon emissions by 630,000ta a year.


Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


Description of delhi metro project


The Delhi Metro was conceived to reduce traffic congestion in the city to provide faster and environmentally friendly transport options to the passengers.

The Delhi Metro currently comprises a network of 389 km with 285 stations and stretches to Noida and Ghaziabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh, and Gurgaon, Faridabad, Bahadurgarh and Ballabgarh in the state of Haryana.

After more than 40 years of study, construction work began in October 1998 for the construction of a rail mass transit system. Phase one and two of the Delhi Metro were fully operational by January 2013.

Japanese debt and equity infusion mainly comes from Indian public funds.


Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub



The Delhi Metro was designed to integrate with other public transport.The free service allows passengers to get the latest service information and plan their journey.

Delhi metro lines and routes


Line 1 (Red Line) runs between Dilshad Garden and Shaheed Stall (New Bus Ada). The stretch from Shahdara to Tis-Hazari opened in December 2002, becoming the first section to be operational in Delhi.

In March 2019, the line was extended to the Shaheed Stall (New Bus Adda) in several stages with the latest section from Dilshad Garden to Shaheed Stall (New Bus Adada). Line 1 (Red Line) currently runs 34 km, serving 29 stations.

Line 2 (Yellow Line) runs between Samayapur Badli and Huda City Center. It spans 48.8 km and operates at 37 stations. The first section to run between Vishwa Vidyalaya and Kashmiri Gate was opened in December 2004. The expansion of Samayapur Badli was opened in three phases to six stages.

Line 3 (Blue Line) runs between Dwarka Sector 9 and Noida City Center. It covers a distance of 49.93 km and serves 44 stations, and has a rolling stock of 70 trains. The first section of the line was opened in December 2005 and ran from Barakhamba to Dwarka.


Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


Subsequent sections were opened between Dwarka and Dwarka Subcity in March 2006, Barakhamba and Indraprastha in November 2006, Indraprastha and Yamuna Bank in May 2009, and Yamuna Bank and Noida City Center in November 2009.

The 2.76 km stretch from Dwarka Sector 9 to 21 was opened in October 2010. Operation of the 2.5 km extension from Anand Vihar ISBT to Vaishali and Ghaziabad began in July 2011. The segment between Noida City Center and Noida Electronic City became operational in March 2019. .

Lines 2 and 3 run through the city center and business district to Connaught Place, Rajiv Chowk station.

Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


Line 4 (Blue Line), opened in January 2010, runs between Yamuna Bank and Anand Vihar. It covers 8.74 km and consists of eight stations serving as a branch of Line 3.

 In June 2018, a 11.18 km stretch from Mundka to City Park (Bahadurgarh) was opened for passenger services. Currently the Green Line is 29.64 km long with 23 stations.

The 47 km long Line 6 (Violet Line) runs between Kashmiri Gate and Raja Nahar Singh. The first section between the Central Secretariat and Sarita Vihar was opened in October 2010. The latest expansion on the line from Escorts Mujesar to Raja Nahar Singh (Ballabhgarh), commenced commercial operations in 2018.


Line 7 (Pink Line) runs from Majlis Park to Mayur Vihar Pocket I. The line was opened in four phases between March 2018 and December 2018. It now consists of 38 stations, 26 of which are elevated.

Line 8 (Magenta Line) covers a distance of 38 km between the Botanical Garden to Janakpuri West and serves 25 stations. The line was opened in two phases with the operation of the Botanical Garden- Kalkaji Mandir section in December 2017, followed by the Kalkaji Mandir-Janakpuri West section in May 2018.

Opened in October 2019, line 9 (gray line) connects Dwarka and Najafgarh.

 It connects Indira Gandhi International Airport with six stations between New Delhi Railway Station and Dwarka Sector 21.

Delhi Metro Infrastructure


The Delhi Metro system has a combination of underground, grade and height stations. All the stations have escalators, elevators and toilet tiles to guide the visually impaired to the station entrances. Many stations are equipped for rainwater collection as per their environmental policy.

DMRC has also deployed roof-top solar power plants at several stations. In phase one, a total of 58 stations were built across the three lines. The other 85 stations were constructed under phase two.

Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


Most of Line 2 is underground for its entire length. Most of the stations were built around 13 meters below ground by cut-and-cover methods. Chauri Bazaar, which is about 20 meters below, is required to construct a tunnel.

Mandi House, located on line 3, is located under the ground busi- ness with the ground level upstairs and diaphragm wall panel to form the walls above the station.

The DMRC also provides metro facilities at all underground metro stations as part of phase two. Bicycles are also available at Vishwa Vidyalaya, Pragati Maidan, Patel Chowk and Indraprastha Metro stations.


Rolling stock for delhi metro


The Delhi Metro uses rolling stock of two different gauges, namely broad-gauge and standard-gauge. DMRC currently has more than 300 trains in four, six and eight coaches. The inventory consists of 2,206 coaches, including 1,296 broad gauge and 910 standard gauge units.

The train depots are located at Khyber Pass, Najafgarh, Shastri Park and Yamuna Bank.

The first set of rolling stock was manufactured by Hyundai Rotem, a consortium consisting of Mitsubishi Corporation and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation. The initial sets were made by ROTEM in South Korea, while the later units were completed in India by the public sector undertaking Bharat Earth Movers (BEML). BEML was also responsible for manufacturing coaches under a technology transfer agreement.

Air-conditioned trains include four 3.2-meter-wide, stainless steel, lightweight carts, although it is possible to carry eight. The trains have automatic doors, secondary air suspension and microprocessor controlled brakes.

Bombardier Transport received the contract to deliver the vehicles in the second phase.

Bombardier Transport announced a € 87m ($ 137m) contract for 84 MOVIA metro cars in March 2008, a follow-up to the order of 340 placed in July 2007. The new vehicles were deployed as part of the phase two expansion.

Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


Bombardier received a $ 120m order in September 2011 for 76 additional MOVIA metro cars. This was a follow-up to orders placed for 114 vehicles in mid-2010. Delivery was completed in 2012 under a new order.

Bombardier delivered the 600th MOVIA Metro car to DMRC iOctober2012. In 2015, Delhi Metro contracted Bombardier to deliver another 162 additional cars, of which the first year was delivered.
BEML received a 9.2bn ($ 205m) contract from DMRC in May 2011 to supply 136 intermediate metro cars.

Signaling and communication


Trains use centralized automatic train control (CATC), which includes automatic train handling (ATO), automatic train protection (ATP) and automatic train signaling (ATS) systems.

Each coach provides intercoms for emergency communication between passengers and the driver, and on-train announcements are in Hindi and English. Route map and LCD display systems are available in every coach.

Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


Rental collection is through contactless, stored-value smartcards. The metro has its own police force, and a training school at Shastri Park is run and operated in collaboration with the Hong Kong MTR for operations. Security is supported by approximately 5,200 CCTV cameras at stations.

The CITYFLO 350 system was installed in 37 km2 of the two-line expansion of the new line. More recently, rolling stock has been equipped with a microprocessor-based train control management system (TCMS) to monitor the operational status of trains.

Delhi Metro: Future expansion and ridership

Phase three, approved in August 2011, involves the construction of a network of over 160 km.

It is expected to be operational in 2025. A phase five expansion is also in the pipeline, given the growing population and transportation needs.

As of 2018-19, the daily average ridership in the Delhi Metro was 2.29 million. Traffic is expected to increase to four million after the completion of phase three.

Delhi Metro: Financing


The capital investment for the first and second phases was $ 4.11bn. Phase one of the project involved an investment of $ 105.71bn ($ 1.48bn). About 60% of the cost of the project was financed by the Government of Japan through soft loans through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Delhi Metro Railway System in india - shaheenitclub


The central government and the state government jointly contributed 28% of the project cost for land acquisition, as well as a subordinate loan, which was 5% of the total cost. The remaining 7% of the funds were generated internally through property development.

Phase Two of the Delhi Metro cost Rs187.83 billion ($ 2.63 billion). The JICA loan accounted for 54.47% of the project cost, while the central and state governments contributed 16.39%.

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